Whether you're flying into Brazil or traveling to another country, you should check your vaccination status before you leave. The best way to avoid serious diseases like meningococcal meningitis is to have a full vaccination record. To make sure that you're fully protected, bring a printed proof of your primary vaccination schedule.
If you're considering visiting Brazil, it's important to get vaccinated against Meningococcal meningitis. This vaccine protects against a variety of diseases, including the devastating Meningococcal meningitis. It is also recommended to get hepatitis A and yellow fever vaccinations for travel safety. Many travelers also need malaria prophylaxis and insect repellents. Your healthcare provider will advise you about these and other preventive measures.
Another precaution is to protect against the Zika Virus, a mosquito-borne virus that causes fever, rashes, and severe headaches. There is currently no vaccine for the Zika Virus, but travelers should avoid mosquito bites and make sure they wash their hands thoroughly. This is especially important for pregnant women, as they can transmit the virus to their unborn child.
When you travel to Brazil, make sure to bring your long form birth certificate. You must present this document to the Brazilian Embassy before departure. If you're unsure whether you need to present your birth certificate, you can get it authenticated through the Brazilian Embassy before departure.
The meningococcal vaccine is available in various types. However, the most common is MenC-V, which is used for children. A meningococcal meningitis vaccine for travel to Brazil includes menC-V, which has an early impact on cases of pneumonia in Brazil. However, there is no vaccine for serogroup X in Brazil.
Another vaccination to travel to Brazil is the rabies vaccine. If you're going to spend a lot of time outdoors, or are at risk of animal bites, you're highly recommended to get the rabies vaccine. Children are particularly at risk, as they tend to play with animals and may not report the bites to authorities. In addition, people traveling to remote areas may need to have the rabies vaccine. Most cases of rabies occur in rural areas and the northeast.
Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial infection and is transmitted by spit and saliva from the throat and nose. In most cases, meningococcal meningitis can cause lifelong disability and death. It is estimated that about 375 people contract meningococcal disease each year. About 10 to 15 percent of these people die. One out of five of those who survive will have permanent disabilities.
Meningococcal disease is unpredictable. It strikes suddenly, usually in children and previously healthy individuals. It is also rare outside of Africa, but outbreaks have occurred in Burkina Faso, Togo, and Kenya since 1990. In 2013, it was also reported in Brazil.
Vaccines are available for serogroup ACWY, B, and X. Serogroup A vaccines are widely available through the public health system in Brazil, while serogroup B vaccines are only available through the private healthcare system. The Brazilian National Immunization Program has offered meningococcal C vaccine since 2010. The vaccine has helped reduce the incidence of meningococcal C in children. In addition to children, there are cases in adults.
The vaccine is not routinely needed for most travelers, but is recommended for people living in high-risk areas. Even if you have had the meningococcal C vaccine as a child, it is still recommended to get it before you travel to high-risk areas. Another vaccination to consider is the MMR vaccine, which protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. If you have never had the MMR vaccine, you should visit a doctor to get the vaccination.
If you plan on visiting Saudi Arabia, you must get a MenACWY vaccination certificate before you leave your home country. However, there are no other countries that require you to have the vaccine prior to travel. For more information, you can visit the CDC's page on MenACWY vaccination recommendations for travelers.
Dengue fever has been a major health problem in Brazil in recent years. This disease is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite people during the day. While it tends to affect people living in densely populated areas, it can also occur in rural areas. As a result, you should take precautions against mosquito bites.
In addition to the Meningococcal meningitis vaccine, you should also get a hepatitis A vaccine to travel to Brazil. The vaccine is available in two forms: an oral vaccine called Orochol (Mutacol) and a shot for travelers who wish to stay longer in the country. However, it is still best to get this shot if you're in a high-risk category. This vaccine may cause some mild side effects, but it's worth a try.